Overview - Materials - News and Activities - Collaborators - Student Projects - Contact

Project overview

Artificial intelligence (AI) is evolving to mimic human-like cognition, emotions, conversations, and decision-making. Yet, how AI affects children is not well studied. The PAIZ project (pronounced as pies, where Z refers to the younger GenerationZ, ages 9-12 years) addresses this gap.

PAIZ employs participatory approaches with children to design and discuss ethical AI, now and in the future, with an emphasis on fairness and human agency and oversight in algorithmic decision-making. This is achieved through hands-on sessions with children critically exploring and designing AI-systems for decision-making that affects their everyday experiences. Further, discussions and interviews with the various stakeholders (e.g. teachers and parents) that have an influence on children’s everyday lives are also conducted. Since fairness and human-agency are socio-culturally situated, the research is conducted at various locations across the world, through its extensive collaboration network. 

Project outcomes include devising participatory approaches employing design fiction with schoolchildren for designing AI-systems that affect their technology experiences and use now and in the future; collecting data (text, images, audio, and video materials) created by children; and developing stakeholder-inclusive cross-cultural frameworks for ethical AI for and with children, with a focus on fairness, and human-agency and oversight. A research blog is maintained, where the methods and materials are published for other researchers to replicate the work with schools in their network.

The project extends ongoing work on global policy on AI for children, by being child-led, cross-cultural, and future-oriented. This means involving children from across the world as experts of their lived experiences and as creative and critical thinkers with their own distinct worldviews considering possible, plausible, and provocative solutions for the future.

Project Materials

PAIZ project materials are designed by Sushmita Vavilala as a part of her final year Bachelor's project at IIIT-Delhi, India. They are available for non-commercial educational purposes as a part of Canva's Free Content License agreement. You cannot edit, transform, or build upon this booklet.

News and Activities


  • Upcoming events
    • PAIZ project end seminar (August 2024)


  • PAIZ workshop with 4th grade class in Atlanta exploring ethical implications of generative AI.
  • AI Youth Ambassadors program 2024 was held with 14 summer workers from June 3th till 14th, similar to last years program (info here).

Other events

  • AI Awareness week in Oulu, Espoo, and Helsinki with Women in AI Finland (info, week 16)
  • Visit to GeorgiaTech - IPaT: GVU Lunch Lecture on Critical AI literacy for children on March 14th (info)
  • Visit to GeorgiaTech - Ethics and Coffee discussion on Envisioning Ethical AI Applications with Young Children (info)



  • PAIZ expert workshop at AfriCHI 2023 on Age against the machine:Exploring ethical AI design and use by, with, and for children in Nov 2023
  • Workshop at IndiaHCI 2023 on Designing Ethical, Accessible, and Inclusive Artificial Intelligence for All asp art of the EDUFI AIAI project, on 23rd Nov in Dehradun by Oulu and Tampere team (info here)
  • PAIZ and 6G Smart School workshops with 7th graders at a public school in New Delhi on Nov 2nd and 3rd conducted by collaborator Dr. Charu Monga, IIT-Delhi, and PhD researcher Priyanka Sebastian.
  • PAIZ workshops in Japan in from Sep 5-11th with Junko Tanaka, Elementary school teacher, Kanagawa and Visiting Researcher School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo, Hyogo, Japan.
  • PAIZ with puppets at Decatur Makers in Atlanta on July 7th conducted by Dr. Noura Howell and her team.
  • PAIZ workshop with teachers and Decatur Makers in Atlanta on July 1st conducted by Dr. Noura Howell and her team.
  • PAIZ workshops with Decatur Makers in Atlanta on June 29-30th conducted by Dr. Noura Howell and her team.
  • AI Youth Ambassadors project with 12 summer workers (webpage here, poster here)
  • Speculative Film making workshops with OIS 3rd graders and the Oulu Flim Club from Cultrual Center Valve in May
  • PAIZ and 6G Smart School workshops with two OIS 7th grader classes in May
  • PAIZ and 6G Smart School workshops with 30+ public school teachers at IIT-Delhi, in New Delhi, India in April.


  • AI Ambassadors poster at AI Day 2023 Nov 8th, at Aalto, Helsinki (poster)
  • Panel moderator on the topic of Responsible AI and Education at the 4th Annual FINERAC event organised by the Embassay of India in Helsinki on Oct 31st (event info)
  • Launch of the FCAI Special Interest Group on Chidlren and AI (CAI) on March 14, 2023 (event info, news item)
  • Women in AI Educate initiative at Laanila School in March - AI Days with seven speakers and 14 talks! (Info)



  • PAIZ workshop using the robot Nao v6 with 7th graders at a public school in New Delhi, India, on Nov 22nd (week 47, info here, FICORE article).
  • PAIZ workshop on Participatory AI with a school in New Delhi on Nov 16th and 17th (week 46).
  • AI day 2022 poster presentation on outcomes from the NordiCHI workshop on Age Against the Machine (week 45, workshop info, poster ).
  • Workshop at Urdu Ghar in old city, Hyderabad, on imagining the future of social communication for minority communities based on their information gathering and sharing experiences and behaviors during the pandemic (week 45)
  • EDUFI AIAI workshop at IndiaHCI on 9th Nov in Hyderabad (week 45, info here)
  • Participatory AI in FabLab BusinessAsema Oulu, Finland (week 43, info here)
  • NordiCHI 2022 workshop on 9th Oct in Aarhus on Age Against the Machine: A Call for Designing Ethical AI for and with Children in Aarhus, Denmark (week 40) (info here)
  • Participatory AI with 9th graders in local school in Oulu on Sep 29th in the city center Fab Lab, and at the school on Oct 5th and Oct 19th.
  • Pilot workshop on Participatory AI in FabLab BusinessAsema Oulu, Finland (Week 24)
  • Oh no, my dog is a blueberry muffin! Learning about Algorithms and AI, an open workshop at the Amazing North event in Oulu on May 31st and June 1st 2022 (Week 22) (event info here and here).
  • Pilot workshop on Participatory AI in Sarvodaya Kanya Vidyalaya Chirag Delhi Senior Secondary School in Soami Nagar, New Delhi, India (Week 17)
  • Pilot workshop on Participatory AI in FabLab BusinessAsema Oulu, Finland (Week 10)
  • Participatory and Empowering AI for Children at MozillaFestival 2022 on Mar 7th 2022 (Week 10) (event info)

Expert presentations

  • Design Futuring for Love, Friendship, and Kinships: Five Perspectives on Intimacy at alt.CHI 2022 (Week 18) (paper and presentation video)
  • Participatory AI with Children: in pursuit of fair and inclusive technology futures at IIIT-Delhi's Research Innovation and Incubation Showcase (RIISE) 2022 seminar on Apr 8th 2022 (Week 14)


  • Visit to the Finnish Ambassador to India's residence for the reception of the Finnish Minister of Science and Culture Petri Honkonen. 
  • Organsing Women in AI's Educate and Lead talks with Dr. Noura Howell and Founder Coding and more Supriya Bhuwalka at the Oulu International School on Oct 21st and Nov 4th, with ICT teacher Pooka Kakkar.
  • PAIZ project mentioned in UNESCO's State of the education report for India, 2022 - Artificial Intelligence in education; here, there and everywhere report with a picture from the PAIZ workshop in New Delhi in April 2022 (one page 57 of the report, LinkedIn post)

2021 - Expert presentations and discussions

  • Panel discussion on Generating inclusive transdisciplinary knowledge(s) at the threshold of arts, science & society: Critical perspectives by researchers and practitioners as a part of Aalto University's Color of Science seminars on Nov 23rd 2021 (event info).
  • Public lecture on Participatory AI with Children: In Pursuit of Fair and Inclusive Technology Futures in Aalto University's Critical AI & Crisis Interrogatives (CRAI-CIS) Seminar on Nov 11th 2021 (event info).
  • Poster presentation on Making sense of how to create ethical AI for young children with autism in Finnish Center for Artificial Intelligence (FCAI) AI-Day on Nov 4th 2021 (event info, poster and video).
  • Expert presentation on Designing Ethical AI for Young Children in HCI4SouthAsia's AI for the Next Billion seminar on Oct 28th 2021 (event info).

Project Collaborators

Grace Eden, Assistant Professor,
Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi (IIITD), New Delhi, India
Noura Howell, Assistant Professor,
Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, USA.
Charu Monga, Assistant Professor,
Department of Design, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD), New Delhi, India
Wricha Mishra, Associate Professor,
HoD, Department of User Experience Design, MAEER's MIT Institute of Design, Pune, India
Junko Tanaka, Elementary school teacher, Kanagawa
And Visiting Researcher School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo, Hyogo, Japan


PAIZ is funded by Academy of Finland (postdoc project) for three years (Sep 2021-Aug 2024). Please email the project PI, Dr. Sumita Sharma, at sumita.sharma(at)oulu.fi for more details about the project and to collaborate.

[Page last updated June 26th 2024]